complete physical exam

complete physical exam, chest pains Early detection and prevention are the best defenses in maintaining your health. We recommend a yearly Complete Physical Exam to get the whole picture.

Been putting off seeing a doctor? Unsure or uneasy about your state of health? Having chest pains? Start with a Complete Physical Exam.

The Cardio-Med Complete Physical Exam covers a series of tests that measure your risk factors for heart disease, cancer and other illnesses. Your physician will review the Complete Physical Exam results with you and make recommendations. All tests are done in-house.

The Cardio-Med Complete Physical Exam includes: $295

Call (847) 758-1230 today for your Complete Physical Exam appointment.

More on the Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG)

An electrocardiogram (e-lek-tro-KAR-de-o-gram), EKG (or ECG), is a simple, painless test that records the heart's electrical activity. To understand this heart scan test, it helps to understand how the heart works.

With each heartbeat, an electrical signal spreads from the top of the heart to the bottom. As it travels, the signal causes the heart to contract and pump blood. The process repeats with each new heartbeat. The heart's electrical signals set the rhythm of the heartbeat.

This heart scan test is used to detect and evaluate many heart problems, such as heart attack, arrhythmia (ah-RITH-me-ah), and heart failure. EKG results also can suggest other disorders that affect heart function.

EKGs also are used to monitor how the heart is working.

What Does an Electrocardiogram Show?

Many heart problems change the heart's electrical activity in distinct ways. An electrocardiogram (EKG) heart image can help detect a number of heart problems.

EKG recordings can help doctors diagnose a heart attack that's happening now or has happened in the past. This is especially true if doctors can compare a current EKG heart image recording to an older one.

An EKG also can show:

  • Lack of blood flow to the heart muscle
  • A heart that's beating too fast, too slow, or with an irregular rhythm (arrhythmia)
  • A heart that doesn't pump forcefully enough (heart failure)
  • Heart muscle that's too thick or parts of the heart that are too big
  • Birth defects in the heart (congenital heart defects)
  • Problems with the heart valves (heart valve disease)
  • Inflammation of the sac that surrounds the heart (pericarditis)
An EKG also can reveal whether the heartbeat starts at the top right part of the heart like it should. The test shows how long it takes for the electrical signals to travel through the heart. Delays in signal travel time may suggest heart block or long QT syndrome.

National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Comprehensive Metabolic Profile

The Comprehensive Metabolic Profile tests kidney and liver function, calcium level, electrolyte levels and protein. It can help detect diabetes, gout and other diseases.

Lipid Profile (Cholesterol/Triglycerides, HDL, LDL)

blood sample in a test tube The Lipid Profile test is typically performed to measure the levels of "good" and "bad" cholesterol in the blood, HDL and LDL. It also measures triglycerides.

Controlling cholesterol levels is important in preventing heart disease. Cholesterol buildup in the arteries can have serious consequences, including heart attack.

Cholesterol levels should be checked regularly, especially if one has a family history of high cholesterol or of heart disease, is overweight or physically inactive or has a high-fat diet. A periodic blood cholesterol test should be part of any overall weight control plan.

The table below shows ranges for total cholesterol, LDL ("bad") cholesterol, and HDL ("good") cholesterol test results after 9 to 12 hours of fasting. High blood cholesterol is a risk factor for coronary heart disease.

Your doctor should discuss your results with you. He or she will advise you further if your results are outside the desirable range.

Total Cholesterol LevelTotal Cholesterol Category
Less than 200 mg/dL Desirable
200 to 239 mg/dL Borderline High
240 mg/dL and above High

LDL Cholesterol LevelLDL Cholesterol Category
Less than 100 mg/dL Optimal
100 to 129 mg/dL Near optimal/above optimal
130 to 159 mg/dL Borderline high
160 to 189 mg/dL High
190 and above Very High

HDL Cholesterol LevelHDL Cholesterol Category
Less than 40 mg/dL A major risk factor for heart disease
40 to 59 mg/dL The higher, the better
60 mg/dL and above Considered protective against heart disease

Thyroid Function Profile

The Thyroid Function Profile checks the thyroid gland by measuring the levels of thyroid hormones in the blood. These hormones regulate the body's metabolism.

Complete Blood Count (CBC)

The CBC test is used to analyze the cell makeup of blood as a way of checking for a number of illnesses. The test takes a complete blood count and measures the concentration of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets in the blood. Illnesses that can be detected include anemia, bone marrow problems, infections and blood cancers.

The table below shows some normal ranges for different parts of the complete blood count (CBC) test. Some of the normal ranges are different for men and women. Other factors, such as age and race, also may affect normal ranges.

Your doctor should discuss your results with you. He or she will advise you further if your results are outside the normal range for your group.

TestNormal Range Results*
Red blood cell (varies with altitude) Male: 5 to 6 million cells/mcL
Female: 4 to 5 million cells/mcL
White blood cell 4,500 to 10,000 cells/mcL
Platelets 140,000 to 450,000 cells/mcL
Hemoglobin (varies with altitude) Male: 14 to 17 gm/dL
Female: 12 to 15 gm/dL
Hematocrit (varies with altitude) Male: 41% to 50%
Female: 36% to 44%
Mean corpuscular volume 80 to 95 femtoliter

* Cells/mcL = cells per microliter; gm/dL = grams per deciliter

Blood Glucose

This table shows the ranges for blood glucose test results after 8 to 12 hours of fasting (not eating). It shows the normal range and the abnormal ranges that are a sign of pre-diabetes or diabetes.

Plasma Glucose Results (mg/dL)*Diagnosis
99 and below Normal
100 to 125 Pre-diabetes
126 and above Diabetes

* mg/dL = milligrams per deciliter.
+ The test is repeated on another day to confirm the results.

Adapted from National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute